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At the time of Nemanjic (14th century), police authorities were at the same time internal police. Cephalia, that is, the mayor or warden of the parish - was also in charge of public safety, and in particular of road safety. He had at his disposal "special men, dressed in a black suit, (who) guarded the roads and protected the occupants from the robbers."
During Makenzen's offensive in 1915, the capital was defended by the Combined Detachment, the Srem Volunteer Detachment and the Belgrade Gendarmerie Detachment. Major Dragutin Gavrilovic made his famous speech to the soldiers of the 2nd Battalion of the X Personnel Regiment, the Srem Squad and the surviving gendarmes. Decorated with flowers, soldiers, volunteers and gendarmes set off together for the final assault.
As the supreme administrative and supervisory authority over all administrative-police bodies in the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, the Ministry of the Interior was established on December 7, 1918.
By decree on the formation, equipment, competences, duties and teaching of the gendarmerie (February 26, 1919), the gendarmerie became an integral part of the army, a permanent cadre with the task of overseeing public order and security, maintaining law and order and enforcing law. The command of the whole Gendarmerie was a Level II administrative body. The Gendarmerie is subordinate to the Minister of Military in terms of supply, discipline and military instruction, and in the use, teaching, maintenance of public security and gendarmerie, to the Minister of the Interior. The decree on the organization of the Ministry of the Interior was adopted on May 8, 1919.
For the training of the gendarmerie staff, on February 1, 1920, a Gendarmerie NCO was established in Sremska Kamenica. The first Police School, organized by Dr. Archibald Reiss, opened in Belgrade on February 8, 1921.
Within the National Liberation Committees (1941), organs in charge of law and order were created. In September 1942, the Supreme Headquarters issued an order to form partisan and village guards or village or national militia in the liberated territory. After the liberation of the wider territories, the establishment of operational units or a company of national militia for the areas of the district NOCs began.
On March 7, 1945, the Internal Affairs Commission grew into the Ministry of the Interior. The following year, the National Militia Act and the National Militia Clothing Rule were adopted. In 1953, the Federal and Republic Secretariats for the Interior were formed, and at the end of the year the People's Militia received a new official uniform.
The eighth session of the Central Committee of the Union of Communists of Serbia (late September 1987) is rightly regarded as a watershed year in all of Serbia's recent history, because then Slobodan Milosevic really took on a real, though not formal, executive. Our police were under the communist regime, but there was not much unrest. In public order and peace, the only trauma has been Kosovo since 1981. The state was peaceful, the real killings with deliberate action could be enumerated, and the main problem of law and order was the night noise. National security has been the same - since the late 1970s, the main concern of the SDB has been Yugoslavian enemy emigration; domestic dissidents were kept under review for more inertia and budgetary reasons.
Image by Petar Milosevic via Wikimedia and Image 2 via Wikimedia. This image is neither created nor endorsed by Petar Milosevic in any way. Petar Milosevic do not endorse me and/or my use of the work in any way.